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      After the One-Child Policy

      Commentary / August 18, 2016

      The sprawling National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) in China is one of the world’s largest bureaucraies. Its reach spreads from the bustling supercities on China’s eastern seaboard to the remote villages that dot the country’s vast rural interior. For decades, NHFPC officials had responsibility for enforcing China’s One Child Policy. In their relentless drive to keep fertility low, these officials sometimes fined noncompliant families into a state of poverty or even subjected women to forced abortion or sterilization procedures.

       

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      Incentives key to China’s effort to upgrade higher education, Stanford expert says

      News / August 18, 2016

      China can improve its higher education system by introducing incentives for students and teachers so they take learning more seriously, a Stanford professor says. Under the current system, college students are essentially guaranteed a diploma, offering little motivation to excel.

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      凤凰资讯:斯坦福教授谈中国大学:学习无动力 人人都能毕业

      News / August 14, 2016

      参考消息网8月14日报道 美媒称,中国的教育系统向来会引发最激烈的讨论。对其持批评态度的人表示,它是一种执迷于考试的官僚体制,培养出的学生擅长死记硬背,但在其他方面却无过人之处。持肯定态度的人则认为,它让孩子具备了格外扎实的技巧,尤其是在数学和科学方面。

      据美国《纽约时报》网站8月8日报道,斯坦福大学经济学家罗思高在中国组织了一个农村教育项目,同时,他发表的一项新研究针对一些有关中国学校的流行观念提出了挑战。在最近的一次交谈中,罗思高讨论了中国教育制度的优缺点,以及他给该国领导人提的建议。以下为《纽约时报》记者赫海威对其的采访摘要:

      :你的研究发现,中国学生在进入大学时具备的部分批判性思维技巧是全世界最强的,远超美国和俄罗斯的同龄人。但两年后,他们失去了这个优势。究竟是怎么回事?

      :这里面有好消息也有坏消息。好消息是:无论他们在高中做了什么,不管你认可与否,他们都在让大量的孩子学习数学、物理和某种类型的批判性思维技巧。但让我抓狂的是,他们在大学里什么都不学。孩子们没有努力学习的动力,人人都能毕业。

      问:高中为什么比大学做得好?

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      斯坦福学者谈中国教育:忽视了人的因素

      News / August 8, 2016

      中国的学校系统向来会引发最激烈的争论。对其持批评态度的人表示,它是一种执迷于考试的官僚体制,培养出的学生擅长死记硬背,但在其他方面却无过人之处。还有一些人则认为,它让孩子具备了格外扎实的技巧,尤其是在数学和科学方面。

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      NY Times: Weighing the Strengths and Shortcomings of China’s Education System

      News / August 5, 2016
      Nothing stirs passions quite like the debate over the Chinese school system. Critics say it is a test-obsessed bureaucracy that produces students who excel at reciting facts but not much else. Others argue that it is equipping children with exceptionally strong skills, particularly in math and science. Scott Rozelle, a Stanford University economist who runs a rural education program in China, is an author of a new study that challenges popular conceptions of Chinese schools.
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      中国高等教育困局:大学生的批判性思维去哪儿了

      News / August 1, 2016

      香港——中国的中小学常常被人批评,认为它们是使学生精疲力尽、以考试为主的机器,培养出来的学生只会死记硬背基本事实,几乎没有深度推理的能力。

      但是,一项新的研究暗示,中国在培养世界上一些批判性思维能力最强的学生。

      关于中国的学校是否比美国的学校做得更好,这一意外发现也许会改写这一争论,为以前显示中国学生在阅读、数学和科学等科目上的表现优于全球同龄人的研究作补充。

      但是,这项斯坦福大学研究人员做的新研究还发现,中国学生的批判性思维能力在大学期间失去优势。这表明,中国迅速扩张的高等教育系统中存在问题。随着经济增长的放缓,中国政府正把促进增长的希望寄托于高等教育。

      这项将在明年发表的研究发现,中国计算机科学和工程专业的新生入学时,其批判性思维能力比美国和俄罗斯的同类新生的水平高两到三年。这些能力包括识别假定、验证假设,以及找到变量之间的关系。

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      NY Times: Study Finds Chinese Students Excel in Critical Thinking. Until College.

      News / July 30, 2016

      BEIJING — Chinese primary and secondary schools are often derided as grueling, test-driven institutions that churn out students who can recite basic facts but have little capacity for deep reasoning.

      A new study, though, suggests that China is producing students with some of the strongest critical thinking skills in the world.

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      The Future Foundation of Rural Education

      News / July 1, 2016

      Recently, an academic consensus has emerged that China should focus its human capital development in rural areas. Rural residents receive only an average of 9.6 years of education, which leaves them ill-prepared for high-skilled work. Yet with the increased mechanization of factories, manufacturing jobs will likely move offshore, or revert back to the West. This is a great risk for an economy transitioning from low-income to high-income status, such as China.

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      China Abandoned its One-Child Policy - Now it must fix the gulf in education between city and country children

      News / June 12, 2016

      Around 8 per cent of rural children in China take college entrance exams, compared with 70 per cent of urban children. Reap officials believe this is due to a woeful lack of mental stimulation for rural youngsters between birth and the age of three. They say this is the crucial period for neurons to connect in the brain and set a path for a child’s mental ability later in life.

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      The Economist: The Class Ceiling

      News / June 4, 2016

      NO CAR may honk nor lorry rumble near secondary schools on the two days next week when students are taking their university entrance exams, known as gaokao. Teenagers have been cramming for years for these tests, which they believe (with justification) will determine their entire future. Yet it is at an earlier stage of education that an individual’s life chances in China are usually mapped out, often in ways that are deeply unfair.

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      Bloomberg: This is How China Prepares for the Big Test

      News / June 2, 2016

      Hu Huifeng, an 18-year-old high school senior from China’s Jiangxi province, is on a strict regimen. Seven days a week she rises by 6 a.m. for a day of classes in Chinese, English, mathematics, chemistry, physics, and biology, with the last one finishing at 9:50 p.m. “Once I get home, I study until midnight,” she says.

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      Wall Street Journal: In Rural China, One-Child Policy Enforcers Push a New Message

      News / May 16, 2016

      For 30 years, Yu Huajian visited villages in rural China to remind couples to have just one child, to abide by the law and help the economy. He also pursued violators of the much-hated policy and oversaw abortions.

      Since the one-child policy was abandoned in October, Mr. Yu and some of the half a million other family-planning workers have knocked on rural doors with a different message: How to play with children, read to them and raise them with better skills.

      The shift was abrupt, but Mr. Yu said he has always done what he and leaders thought was best for the country.

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      BBC News: Reinventing China's Abortion Police

      News / May 4, 2016

      Two-year-old Liu Siqi is curled up on her grandmother's lap, complaining of a tummy ache. A man tries to divert her with a squeaky plastic duck.

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      Caixin Media: China's Rural Youngsters Drop-Out of School at an Alarming Rate, Researchers Find

      News / March 24, 2016

      Chen is among the millions of students in rural areas who quit school each year without completing high school. Although there are no official statistics, studies by various research institutions say one in three students in villages – some 3 million teenagers on average – quit school every year before earning a high school diploma.

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      Fieldwork Fail: FSI Faculty Share Lessons Learned the Hard Way

      Q&A / March 15, 2016

      "What do I do about the chickens?"

      When assistant professor of medicine Eran Bendavid began a study on livestock in African households to determine impact on childhood health, he'd already anticipated common field problems like poorly captured or intentionally misreported data, difficulty getting to work sites, or problems with training local volunteers.

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      Wall Street Journal: An Update on Banking China's 'Three Nong'

      News / February 18, 2016

       

      After Mr. Hu retired in late 2012, and China deemphasized his push for a “harmonious society,” less happened with the foreign run rural banks. 

      Citigroup Inc. says its network of Citi Credit outlets remains at four – including two in Hubei province – the same it reported in 2011. Spokesmen for both Standard Chartered Plc and Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd. each say their push into village banking stopped at one outlet.

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      CCTV-13: Service for Birth - How will a Million Family Planning Workers Make the Transition?

      News / January 20, 2016

      On January 9th, China news station CCTV-13 aired a story about REAP's program to train family planning officials who previously enforced the one-child policy, to become early childhood education experts. The original segment was broadcast during News Hour at 10 pm, which has an audience of 1.2 billion viewers.

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      Caixin Media: Pilot Program Aims to Give Rural Youngsters an Early Helping Hand

      News / January 5, 2016

      Last June, a lively and well-equipped preschool opened in one of the poorest villages in Shaanxi province, as part of a pilot project seeking ways to improve childhood development called Nurturing the Future. The pilot is being run by the national health commission and the Rural Education Action Plan (REAP), a joint research program conducted by Shaanxi Normal University in the northwestern city of Xi'an, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Stanford University in the U.S. state of California.

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      Financial Times: China Migration - Children of a Revolution

      News / December 27, 2015

      In China, left behind kids battle a social stigma, even if their material conditions are sometimes better than that of children living in homes without migrant income. Conventional wisdon, even among grandparents, is that the grandparents of leff-behind children are not capable of raising children who succeed in school or in life.

      Experts are divided on how much children being raised by grandparents are hurt, in terms of educational or even physical development — or even if there is a negative impact at all.

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      Stanford researchers partner with local government to bring vision care to rural China

      News / December 10, 2015
      One simple action—placing eyeglasses on a nearsighted child’s face—can help that child to learn almost twice as much in a single school year. Yet only one out of seven children in rural China who needs glasses actually has them. Researchers at Stanford’s Rural Education Action Program (REAP) are now partnering with local government in China to address this problem. Targeting underserved rural primary school students in particular, they have implemented a sustainable pediatric vision care system in two counties.
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      Wall Street Journal: China Abandons One-Child Policy

      News / October 30, 2015

      Chinese leaders implemented the one-child policy in 1980 in an effort to rein in explosive population growth and help raise living standards. It was rooted in a Mao Zedong-era baby boom. China’s population rose by nearly half to about 807 million people in 1969 from when the Communist Party took over the country 20 years before. That led to fears among the leadership that China faced a population boom it couldn’t feed.

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      News China Magazine: Left-behind children and helping hands

      News / September 24, 2015

      As millions of migrant workers flock to China's cities in search of factory jobs, they are leaving an estimated 60 million children at home in rural areas without one or both parents. In response, the government has invested heavily in boarding schools. However, these boarding schools often fail to meet students' basic needsboth physical and psychological. 

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      The Guardian: Future perfect—investing in a child's wellbeing brings a big payoff

      News / September 16, 2015
      "It’s encouraging to see “access to quality early childhood development” as one of the SDG targets. Policymakers have recognised that investing in children’s development is a way of investing in future social and economic growth. It can also result in more immediate benefits, such as preparing children to get the most out of school. Despite this, ECD programmes still face a number of major barriers – both on the supply and demand side.
       
      "Funding is a huge issue.
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