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People's News: Nobel Prize winner draws global attention to issues with early childhood development in rural China at international conference co-hosted by REAP and Alibaba

News / November 17, 2018

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儿童早期发展关乎人的一生,对贫困农村儿童早期发展领域的投入,会为社会发展带来长期且高效的回报。

2018年11月17日,“养育未来,从0开始——2018年儿童早期发展国际论坛”在陕西西安举行,诺贝尔经济学奖得主詹姆斯·赫克曼等国内外学者,用来自世界各地的成功案例提示着儿童早期发展工作的重要性。

而正在秦岭山区、陕西宁陕县推进的“养育未来”项目,成为与会专家们讨论的焦点,“宁陕模式”成为中国在0-3岁儿童早期发展工作上全新的经验。

项目发起方之一阿里巴巴脱贫基金副主席彭蕾在现场称,希望携手各界,以宁陕实践为起点,共同探索可复制、宜推广的社会模式,让中国儿童早期发展的探索,从0开始,走向世界。

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Left-behind children a poignant reminder of the cost of China’s development

Blog / May 26, 2018

Researchers from Stanford University, working together with Chinese academics, found a high drop-out rate in rural China. Many of the drop-outs are left-behind children. 

Constrained by time and money, migrant parents usually manage to go home only once a year, typically during the Lunar New Year. The lack of interaction between parents and children has led to psychological and developmental problems for some children. 

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Reducing tapeworm infection could improve academic performance, reduce poverty, Stanford research suggests

News / May 14, 2018

A Stanford-led study in China has revealed for the first time high levels of a potentially fatal tapeworm infection among school-age children. The researchers suggest solutions that could reduce infections in this sensitive age range and possibly improve education outcomes and reduce poverty.

The study, published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, focuses on Taenia solium, a tapeworm that infects millions of impoverished people worldwide and can cause a disorder of the central nervous system called neurocysticercosis. The World Health Organization estimates that the infection is one of the leading causes of epilepsy in the developing world and results in 29 percent of epilepsy cases in endemic areas. It is thought to affect about 7 million people in China alone.

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How China Plans to Feed 1.4 Billion Growing Appetites

News / February 14, 2018

A 2016 McKinsey & Company study found that nearly three-quarters of Chinese customers worry that the food they eat is harmful to their health. The vast number of small farms makes China’s food system “almost completely unmanageable in terms of food safety,” says Scott Rozelle, an expert on rural China at Stanford University.

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南风窗年度人物|罗斯高: 关注中国农村教育“看不见的问题"

News / January 29, 2018

随着科研的深入,罗斯高意识到要解决根本性的课题—“摆脱贫困”还得依靠教育。他认为中国要想成为发达国家,就要让每个孩子都上高中,而且是普通高中,不是职业高中。“我们需要考虑的是未来,那时候没有那么多路可以修,没有那么多楼可以盖,劳动密集的工厂也都转移到其他工资更低的国家去了。”罗斯高说,到那时大量没有接受过高中教育的中国劳动人口将面临失业,拖累中国变成高等收入国家。

本来的报道

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China's Top Economic Risk? Education.

News / November 19, 2017

Making matters worse are the millions of children in rural areas who are being raised by their extended families. With their parents working in faraway cities, these children tend to fare much worse in school and on IQ tests. Stanford economist Scott Rozelle has referred to this as an "invisible crisis" in the making: In the coming decades, he estimates, some 400 million underprepared Chinese could be looking for work. His research has touched such a nerve that even state media has given it serious coverage.

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One in three Chinese children faces an education apocalypse.

News / September 21, 2017

Glasses askew and gray hair tousled, Scott Rozelle jumps into a corral filled with rubber balls and starts mixing it up with several toddlers. The kids pelt the 62-year-old economist with balls, and squealing, jump onto his lap. As the battle rages, Rozelle chatters in Mandarin with mothers and grandmothers watching the action. 

Elsewhere in this early childhood education center in centralChina, youngsters are riding rocking horses, clambering on a jungle gym, thimbing through picture books, or taking part in group reading. Once a week, caregivers get one-on-one coaching on how to read to toddlers and play educational games. The center is part of an ambitious experiment Rozelle is leading that aims to find solutions to what he sees as a crisis of gargantuan proportions in China: the intellectual stunting of roughly one-third of the population. "This is the biggest problem China is facing that nobody's ever heard about," says Rozelle, a professor at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California.

Surveys by Rozelle's team have found that more than half of eighth graders in poor rural areas in China have IQs below 90, leaving them struggling to keep up with te fast-paced official curriculum. A third or more of rural kids, he says, don't complete junior high. Factoring in the 15% or so of urban kids who fall at the low end of IQ scores, Rozelle makes a stunning forecast: About 400 million future working-age Chinese, he says, "are in danger of becoming cognitively handicapped."

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New York Times: China’s School Dropouts a Growing Concern for Economy in Transition

News / August 31, 2017

"This is the biggest problem that China faces that no one knows about. This is an invisible problem," said Scott Rozelle, co-director of the Rural Education Action Program (REAP) at Stanford University, "China has the lowest levels of human capital (out of all the middle income countries in the world today). China is lower than South Africa, lower than Turkey. We think that's related to when they were babies, they didn't develop well.”

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The Economist: In Poor Countries it is Easier Than Ever to See a Medic

News / August 31, 2017

Following the formulation of the UN’s “sustainable development” goals in 2015, governments worldwide have committed to expanding access to primary care services. Experts believe that primary care can address about 90% of health problems and it has been found to be related to higher life expectancy and lower child mortality rates. However, experts are concerned that a lack of access to primary care and the poor quality of health services will be incapable of meeting the growing burden of chronic illness in poor countries. 

The WHO calculated that about 400 million people globally are unable to access “essential health services,” such as antenatal care and treatment for tuberculosis. However, this figure does not take into account the global burden of non-communicable diseases, such as diabetes or cardiovascular disease. Non-communicable diseases are expected to account for over 70% of deaths in developing countries by 2020, but findings from the World Bank and WHO demonstrate that access to treatments for these diseases are severely deficient. For example, it is estimated that more than half of individuals in developing countries with hypertension are not aware they have this condition, and between 24% and 62% of individuals with diabetes do not receive treatment.

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China’s Rural Children Are Cognitively Delayed, Survey Shows

News / July 13, 2017

Rural Chinese children have a significant delay in their cognitive development compared with their urban counterparts, researchers have found, which could potentially hinder the country’s economic development.

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Will Chinese Living Standards Ever Surpass Those in the USA?

Blog / February 7, 2017

Possibly the single most important of the tensions stoked up by President Trump is the rivalry between the United States and China. Economic strength will be the ultimate determinant of this struggle for the position of Top Nation.

The annual output in China is currently around $10 trillion a year, compared to the $17 trillion in America.

Over the past 30 years, the US grown at an annual average rate of 2.4 per cent, and China by 9.3 per cent. 

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The Debate Over the Alleged Higher Education Glut in China

Blog / February 1, 2017

Hongbin Li, Prashant Loyalka, Scott Rozelle, and Binzhen Wu recently published a piece in the Journal of Economic Perspectives particularly worth flagging. It touches on one of the hotter social debates in China over the past few years: whether the massive expansion of college education since 1999 has created an over-supply of graduates, or is just the beginning of the necessary transformation of the education system to meet the needs of a modern economy.

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Bloomberg: China’s Rural Poor Bear the Brunt of the Nation’s Aging Crisis

News / January 4, 2017

The outlines of China’s demographic challenge are well-known: By 2050 almost 27 percent of the population will be 65 or older, up from around 10 percent in 2015. Less recognized is that the crisis will hit hardest in rural villages.

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Economist: Give Me a Child

News / October 29, 2016

The Lancet reckons that 43% of under-fives in poor countries, in other words about 250m kids, will fail to meet their “developmental potential” because of avoidable deficiencies in early childhood development (ECD).

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Caixin: Poor Parenting Hinders Development of China's Rural Children, Study Shows

News / October 20, 2016

Children in rural areas of China suffer from slow cognitive development due to a lack of proper parenting and nutrition, casting a shadow over the future of the country's economy, a Stanford University study shows.

Scott Rozelle, co-director of the Stanford University Rural Education Action Program (REAP), told Caixin that more than half of the toddlers 24 to 30 months old and about 40% of the infants 6 to 18 months old scored below average in IQ tests. The average IQ score for these age groups should range between 90 to 109.

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The Winners of the Clearly Vision Prize

News / October 17, 2016

The winners of the Clearly Vision Prize will share cash prizes totalling $250,000 to help them accelerate their progress and move us another step down the road towards a world where everyone can see.

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Smart Focus - Franchising a Sustainable Approach for School Eye Health in China

News / October 11, 2016

The Rural Education Action Program (REAP), an impact-evaluation organization, aims to inform sound education, health and nutrition policy in China. Since 2011, REAP’s five randomized controlled trials have shown that quality vision care is the most cost-effective intervention for improving child welfare, and leads to large and sustainable increases in learning and school performance, along with positive spillovers to children who don’t have poor vision.

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Wired: These five startups are getting a share of £200,000 to help battle poor eyesight globally

News / October 11, 2016

The US-based startup has partnered with eyewear company Luxottica OneSight to help scale eye care to ten million people in China that do not have access to affordable services. According to research conducted by Stanford University, only one out of six rural children in China has a set of glasses and most rural students have never had an eye exam. The for-profit ran a pilot operation in conjunction with the Chinese Academy of Sciences before launching in the provinces of Shaanxi and Gansu, where it distributes low-cost glasses, trains doctors and teachers, and constructs clinics. Teachers can test vision directly in classrooms and use mobile phones to automate patient referrals and prescriptions. Smart Focus argues the nonprofit route would never have been a sustainable or scalable way of helping the number of children that need eye care.

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After the One-Child Policy

Commentary / August 18, 2016

The sprawling National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) in China is one of the world’s largest bureaucraies. Its reach spreads from the bustling supercities on China’s eastern seaboard to the remote villages that dot the country’s vast rural interior. For decades, NHFPC officials had responsibility for enforcing China’s One Child Policy. In their relentless drive to keep fertility low, these officials sometimes fined noncompliant families into a state of poverty or even subjected women to forced abortion or sterilization procedures.

 

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Incentives key to China’s effort to upgrade higher education, Stanford expert says

News / August 18, 2016

China can improve its higher education system by introducing incentives for students and teachers so they take learning more seriously, a Stanford professor says. Under the current system, college students are essentially guaranteed a diploma, offering little motivation to excel.

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凤凰资讯:斯坦福教授谈中国大学:学习无动力 人人都能毕业

News / August 14, 2016

参考消息网8月14日报道 美媒称,中国的教育系统向来会引发最激烈的讨论。对其持批评态度的人表示,它是一种执迷于考试的官僚体制,培养出的学生擅长死记硬背,但在其他方面却无过人之处。持肯定态度的人则认为,它让孩子具备了格外扎实的技巧,尤其是在数学和科学方面。

据美国《纽约时报》网站8月8日报道,斯坦福大学经济学家罗思高在中国组织了一个农村教育项目,同时,他发表的一项新研究针对一些有关中国学校的流行观念提出了挑战。在最近的一次交谈中,罗思高讨论了中国教育制度的优缺点,以及他给该国领导人提的建议。以下为《纽约时报》记者赫海威对其的采访摘要:

:你的研究发现,中国学生在进入大学时具备的部分批判性思维技巧是全世界最强的,远超美国和俄罗斯的同龄人。但两年后,他们失去了这个优势。究竟是怎么回事?

:这里面有好消息也有坏消息。好消息是:无论他们在高中做了什么,不管你认可与否,他们都在让大量的孩子学习数学、物理和某种类型的批判性思维技巧。但让我抓狂的是,他们在大学里什么都不学。孩子们没有努力学习的动力,人人都能毕业。

问:高中为什么比大学做得好?

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斯坦福学者谈中国教育:忽视了人的因素

News / August 8, 2016

中国的学校系统向来会引发最激烈的争论。对其持批评态度的人表示,它是一种执迷于考试的官僚体制,培养出的学生擅长死记硬背,但在其他方面却无过人之处。还有一些人则认为,它让孩子具备了格外扎实的技巧,尤其是在数学和科学方面。

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NY Times: Weighing the Strengths and Shortcomings of China’s Education System

News / August 5, 2016
Nothing stirs passions quite like the debate over the Chinese school system. Critics say it is a test-obsessed bureaucracy that produces students who excel at reciting facts but not much else. Others argue that it is equipping children with exceptionally strong skills, particularly in math and science. Scott Rozelle, a Stanford University economist who runs a rural education program in China, is an author of a new study that challenges popular conceptions of Chinese schools.
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中国高等教育困局:大学生的批判性思维去哪儿了

News / August 1, 2016

香港——中国的中小学常常被人批评,认为它们是使学生精疲力尽、以考试为主的机器,培养出来的学生只会死记硬背基本事实,几乎没有深度推理的能力。

但是,一项新的研究暗示,中国在培养世界上一些批判性思维能力最强的学生。

关于中国的学校是否比美国的学校做得更好,这一意外发现也许会改写这一争论,为以前显示中国学生在阅读、数学和科学等科目上的表现优于全球同龄人的研究作补充。

但是,这项斯坦福大学研究人员做的新研究还发现,中国学生的批判性思维能力在大学期间失去优势。这表明,中国迅速扩张的高等教育系统中存在问题。随着经济增长的放缓,中国政府正把促进增长的希望寄托于高等教育。

这项将在明年发表的研究发现,中国计算机科学和工程专业的新生入学时,其批判性思维能力比美国和俄罗斯的同类新生的水平高两到三年。这些能力包括识别假定、验证假设,以及找到变量之间的关系。

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NY Times: Study Finds Chinese Students Excel in Critical Thinking. Until College.

News / July 30, 2016

BEIJING — Chinese primary and secondary schools are often derided as grueling, test-driven institutions that churn out students who can recite basic facts but have little capacity for deep reasoning.

A new study, though, suggests that China is producing students with some of the strongest critical thinking skills in the world.

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