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Middle school kids work at desks in a run down classroom in rural China.

School-based Health Interventions Shown to Improve Learning Outcomes

News / May 25, 2020
REAP research greatly contributed to this Education Policy Insight published by the Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL), which documents eight randomized evaluations in Burkina Faso, China, Kenya...
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Using Educational Technology to Narrow China's Educational Divide

News / May 6, 2020
Educational Technology (EdTech) holds abundant promise to narrow China’s – and the world's – educational divide, by possibly bringing many of these resources within reach of rural students. REAP...
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Politicize this Pandemic, But Do So Carefully

Commentary / May 5, 2020
An open letter from scholars studying public health in China and the U.S.
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China Looks for New Drivers of Growth, REAP research cited

News / April 20, 2020
REAP research is cited in a chapter of a recently published book title, "Innovative China: New Drivers of Growth", written by the World Bank Group and the People’s Republic of China...

Prashant Loyalka to Become FSI’s Newest Senior Fellow

News / April 8, 2020
Loyalka’s research examines the consequences of financial constraints, limited information and choices, tracking and admissions rules, as well as social and psychological factors in competitive education environments.
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Brookings: The Children PISA Ignores in China

News / December 19, 2019

There is not one but two Chinas: one urbanized, mainly on the east coast, and rapidly growing in wealth; the other rural, in the interior of China or on the move as migrants, and mired in poverty. (As a rough proxy, recent population numbers put the Chinese rural share at 41%). PISA assesses achievement of the first China and ignores the second one.


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Scope: Tackling Caregiver Depression in Rural China: A Q&A

Q&A / September 30, 2019

After studying early childhood development in China for several years, Alexis Medina, assistant director of Stanford's Rural Education Action Program (REAP), and her colleagues were asked a question that opened up a whole new line of inquiry. 


Read the full Q&A with Jennifer Huber and Alexis Medina. 

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The Chronicle of Philanthropy: Improving Lives Through Better Vision

News / September 4, 2019

After "a longtime partnership with Stanford University's Rural Education Action Program," OneSight is expanding into Rwanda and Brazil to continue our practice of providing free eyeglasses to those in critical need, explains author Julian Wyllie. 

"OneSight builds eye-examination centers and helps train ophthalmologists in dozens of countries and is expanding into new areas including Rwanda and Brazil."


Read the full story here.

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Journal of East China Normal University: Q&A with Scott Rozelle and James Heckman

Q&A / May 30, 2019

Early Childhood Development Takes Center Stage in China: Questions & Answer with Scott Rozelle and James Heckman


【编者按】2018年11月17日,詹姆斯·赫克曼(James J. Heckman)教授在西安召开的“2018年儿童早期发展国际论坛”上发表主旨演讲,出席会议的有来自世界各地和中国各地的政要和顶尖学者。赫克曼教授就儿童早期发展(ECD)质量对生活在贫困和富裕社区的婴幼儿的重要性进行了广泛和深入的概述。他在演讲中阐明儿童早期发展质量对一个人的童年及其终生的健康、经济和社会性结果都有重大影响。高质量的儿童早期发展项目对整个社会的影响也是巨大的。他特别强调了儿童早期发展的经济学意义,认为政府投资弱势儿童的早期发展,其社会回报率非常高。赫克曼教授借鉴了世界各地的研究成果,包括他自己以及美国和其他发达国家的其他学者的研究成果。


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Tsinghua University News: Scott Rozelle Presents on Human Capital in Rural China at Tsinghua University

News / April 11, 2019

罗思高主讲“清华三农讲坛” 解析中国农村人力资本问题

4月11日晚,清华大学中国农村研究院主办的“清华三农讲坛”第二十五讲在清华大学公共管理学院报告厅举行。美国斯坦福大学教授、清华大学中国农村研究院学术委员会委员罗思高(Scott Rozelle)作了题为“农村人力资本:一个中国中长期发展的挑战”的演讲。北京大学国家发展研究院院长、教授姚洋进行点评。农研院副院长、研究员何宇鹏主持讲坛。

Read the full article here.

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Students in the Field: Q&A with Laura Jonsson

Q&A / April 1, 2019
Laura Jonsson is a Stanford undergraduate student, Class of 2020, majoring in human biology and hoping to minor in education and Middle Eastern literature, languages, and cultural.  
As a REAP student intern in 2017 Laura traveled to Xi’an, China where she spent three weeks working with families and babies supporting our Parenting the Future project. During her time in the field it became evident that Laura was passionate about early childhood development.
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Stanford News: Computer Science College Seniors in U.S. Outperform Peers in China, India and Russia, New Research Says

News / March 19, 2019

Writer Alex Shashkavech writes about Prashant Loyalka's new study that "found that undergraduate seniors studying computer science in the United States outperformed final-year students in China, India and Russia on a standardized exam measuring their skills. The research results were published on March 18 in a new paper in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences." Read the full article in Stanford News.

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凤凰网公益: Stanford Professor Focuses on Education in Rural China

News / January 29, 2019

Author Chen Ying writes about Professor Scott Rozelle and REAP's projects supporting youth in rural China. Read full text here.  


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Bloomberg Businessweek: China Built a Global Economy in 40 Years. Now it Has a New Plan

News / December 16, 2018

Bloomberg Businessweek writes on China's historic economic reforms and the future to come, quoting Scott Rozelle and REAP's work on education and human capacity building in rural China. Read full text here.


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People's News: Nobel Prize winner draws global attention to issues with early childhood development in rural China at international conference co-hosted by REAP and Alibaba

News / November 17, 2018

Read full text here





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Left-behind children a poignant reminder of the cost of China’s development

Blog / May 26, 2018

Researchers from Stanford University, working together with Chinese academics, found a high drop-out rate in rural China. Many of the drop-outs are left-behind children. 

Constrained by time and money, migrant parents usually manage to go home only once a year, typically during the Lunar New Year. The lack of interaction between parents and children has led to psychological and developmental problems for some children. 

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Reducing tapeworm infection could improve academic performance, reduce poverty, Stanford research suggests

News / May 14, 2018

A Stanford-led study in China has revealed for the first time high levels of a potentially fatal tapeworm infection among school-age children. The researchers suggest solutions that could reduce infections in this sensitive age range and possibly improve education outcomes and reduce poverty.

The study, published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, focuses on Taenia solium, a tapeworm that infects millions of impoverished people worldwide and can cause a disorder of the central nervous system called neurocysticercosis. The World Health Organization estimates that the infection is one of the leading causes of epilepsy in the developing world and results in 29 percent of epilepsy cases in endemic areas. It is thought to affect about 7 million people in China alone.

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How China Plans to Feed 1.4 Billion Growing Appetites

News / February 14, 2018

A 2016 McKinsey & Company study found that nearly three-quarters of Chinese customers worry that the food they eat is harmful to their health. The vast number of small farms makes China’s food system “almost completely unmanageable in terms of food safety,” says Scott Rozelle, an expert on rural China at Stanford University.

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南风窗年度人物|罗斯高: 关注中国农村教育“看不见的问题"

News / January 29, 2018



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China's Top Economic Risk? Education.

News / November 19, 2017

Making matters worse are the millions of children in rural areas who are being raised by their extended families. With their parents working in faraway cities, these children tend to fare much worse in school and on IQ tests. Stanford economist Scott Rozelle has referred to this as an "invisible crisis" in the making: In the coming decades, he estimates, some 400 million underprepared Chinese could be looking for work. His research has touched such a nerve that even state media has given it serious coverage.

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One in three Chinese children faces an education apocalypse.

News / September 21, 2017

Glasses askew and gray hair tousled, Scott Rozelle jumps into a corral filled with rubber balls and starts mixing it up with several toddlers. The kids pelt the 62-year-old economist with balls, and squealing, jump onto his lap. As the battle rages, Rozelle chatters in Mandarin with mothers and grandmothers watching the action. 

Elsewhere in this early childhood education center in centralChina, youngsters are riding rocking horses, clambering on a jungle gym, thimbing through picture books, or taking part in group reading. Once a week, caregivers get one-on-one coaching on how to read to toddlers and play educational games. The center is part of an ambitious experiment Rozelle is leading that aims to find solutions to what he sees as a crisis of gargantuan proportions in China: the intellectual stunting of roughly one-third of the population. "This is the biggest problem China is facing that nobody's ever heard about," says Rozelle, a professor at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California.

Surveys by Rozelle's team have found that more than half of eighth graders in poor rural areas in China have IQs below 90, leaving them struggling to keep up with te fast-paced official curriculum. A third or more of rural kids, he says, don't complete junior high. Factoring in the 15% or so of urban kids who fall at the low end of IQ scores, Rozelle makes a stunning forecast: About 400 million future working-age Chinese, he says, "are in danger of becoming cognitively handicapped."

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The Economist: In Poor Countries it is Easier Than Ever to See a Medic

News / August 31, 2017

Following the formulation of the UN’s “sustainable development” goals in 2015, governments worldwide have committed to expanding access to primary care services. Experts believe that primary care can address about 90% of health problems and it has been found to be related to higher life expectancy and lower child mortality rates. However, experts are concerned that a lack of access to primary care and the poor quality of health services will be incapable of meeting the growing burden of chronic illness in poor countries. 

The WHO calculated that about 400 million people globally are unable to access “essential health services,” such as antenatal care and treatment for tuberculosis. However, this figure does not take into account the global burden of non-communicable diseases, such as diabetes or cardiovascular disease. Non-communicable diseases are expected to account for over 70% of deaths in developing countries by 2020, but findings from the World Bank and WHO demonstrate that access to treatments for these diseases are severely deficient. For example, it is estimated that more than half of individuals in developing countries with hypertension are not aware they have this condition, and between 24% and 62% of individuals with diabetes do not receive treatment.

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