Abstract: This paper examines whether and to what extent off-farm employment affects the technical efficiency of agricultural production. The level of technical efficiency is measured using a stochastic frontier production function approach. We find that there is a positive significant effect of off-farm employment on the level of technical efficiency. We also find that fragmentation of farmland is a barrier to the improvement of technical efficiency. Additionally, we find a concerning downward trend in the level of agricultural technical efficiency among our sample.