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Working Paper

Hongmei Yi, Guirong Li, Liying Li, Prashant Loyalka, Linxiu Zhang, Jiajia Xu, Elena Kardanova, Henry Shi, James Chu
2017
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Working Paper

Guirong Li, Millie Lin, Chengfang Liu, Angela Johnson, Yanyan Li, Prashant Loyalka
2017
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Journal Article

Ai Yue, Nian-rui Zhang, Liangliang Li, Shanshan Li, Renfu Luo, Yaojiang Shi
中国儿童保健杂志, 2017

Abstract: Objective To investigate the situation of parenting behavior and related risk factors in infants aged 18~30 months from rural areas of southern Shaanxi Province. Methods A total of 1,243 infants and their families from rural areas of southern Shaanxi Province, China. A multivariate regression analysis and T-test were performed to determine the risk factors for the parenting behavior in caregivers. Results 1) The mother was the primary caregiver for 67.34% of the children in the sample.

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Journal Article

Ai Yue, Xiaohong Wang, Sha Yang, Yaojiang Shi, Renfu Luo, Qi Zhang, Kaleigh Kenny, Scott Rozelle
Chinese Journal of Sociology, 2017

Abstract: Social interactions in infancy have implications for long-term outcomes. This study uses data from a sample of 1412 rural Chinese infants aged 6–12 and 24–30 months to examine the relationship between peer interactions and cognitive development. Over 75% of the infants in this sample had less than three peers and around 20% had no peers in both periods. The prevalence of cognitive delays is high within this sample and increases as infants age. Multivariate analysis reveals that peer interaction is significantly associated with cognitive development.

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Journal Article

Lili Li, Lei Wang, Jingchun Nie
China and World Economy, 2017

Abstract: China’s rapid development and urbanization over the past 30 years have caused large numbers of rural residents to migrate to urban areas in search of work. This has created a generation of children who remain behind in rural areas when their parents migrate for work. Previous research has found mixed impacts of parental migration on the educational achievement of left-behind children (LBC), perhaps because of methodological deficiencies and lack of recognition of the heterogeneity of this population of children.

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Journal Article

Chengfang Liu, Louise Lou, Linxiu Zhang, Renfu Luo, Sean Sylvia, Alexis Medina, Scott Rozelle, Darvin Scott Smith, Yingdan Chen, Tingjun Zhu
2017

Abstract: Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) infect over one billion people worldwide. There is concern that chronic infection with STHs among school-aged children may detrimentally affect their development, including their health, cognition, and education. However, two recent Cochrane reviews examining the impact of deworming drugs for STH on nutrition, hemoglobin, and school performance found that randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the literature provide an insufficient evidence base to draw reliable conclusions.

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Journal Article

Ai Yue, Xiaohang Wang, Sha Yang, Yaojiang Shi, Renfu Luo, Qi Zhang, Kaleigh Kenny, Scott Rozelle
Chinese Journal of Sociology, 2017

Abstract: Social interactions in infancy have implications for long-term outcomes. This study uses data from a sample of 1412 rural Chinese infants aged 6–12 and 24–30 months to examine the relationship between peer interactions and cognitive development. Over 75% of the infants in this sample had less than three peers and around 20% had no peers in both periods. The prevalence of cognitive delays is high within this sample and increases as infants age. Multivariate analysis reveals that peer interaction is significantly associated with cognitive development.

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Working Paper

Prashant Loyalka, Guirong Li, Chengfang Liu
2017
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Working Paper

Prashant Loyalka, Prashant Loyalka, Sean Sylvia
2017
ABSTRACT
 
We examine the impact of the competitive “STEM track choice”—a defining institutional feature of a number of national education systems—on gender gaps in STEM majors and college access. Many national education systems require high school students to make a largely irreversible, competitive choice between STEM and non-STEM tracks. This choice determines whether students will compete with STEM or non-STEM track students for college entrance.
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Working Paper

Meichen Lu, Yaojiang Shi, Fang Chang, Kaleigh Kenny, Scott Rozelle
2017
Abstract:
 
Evidence from developed countries shows that there is a significant gender gap in STEM occupations. Girls may begin to underperform in math early as primary school. One possible explanation is the negative stereotype threat towards girls. However, this has been understudied in rural China. In this paper, we describe the math performance gender gap in rural China, compare the gender gap between rural and urban China, and finally compare the Chinese situation with other countries.
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Working Paper

Meichen Lu, Prashant Loyalka, Yaojiang Shi, Fang Chang, Chengfang Liu, Scott Rozelle
2017
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Working Paper

2016

Nearly a quarter of all children under the age of two in China are left behind in the countryside as parents migrate to urban areas for work. We use a longitudinal survey following young children and their caregivers from 6 to 30 months of age to estimate the e↵ects of maternal migration on development, health, and nutritional outcomes in the critical first stages of life.We find significant negative e↵ects on cognitive development and indicators of dietary quality.

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Journal Article

2016

Abstract: We present the results of a randomized trial testing the impact of providing free eyeglasses on academic outcomes of junior high school students in a poor rural area of western China. We find that providing free prescription eyeglasses approximately halves dropout rates over a school year among students who did not own eyeglasses at baseline. Effects on dropout are mirrored by improvements in student performance on standardized exams in math and aspirations for further schooling

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Working Paper

Renfu Luo, Grant Miller, Scott Rozelle, Sean Sylvia, Marcos Vera-Hernández
2016
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Working Paper

Prashant Loyalka, Hongmei Yi, Yaojiang Shi, Natalie Johnson, Scott Rozelle
2016
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Journal Article

Hongmei Yi, Xiaochen Ma, Linxiu Zhang, Scott Rozelle, Nathan Congdon
American Journal of Ophthalmology, 2016

Abstract:

Purpose

To study the effect of free glasses combined with teacher incentives on in-school glasses wear among Chinese urban migrant children.

Design

Cluster-randomized controlled trial.

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Journal Article

Yaojiang Shi, Linxiu Zhang, Chengfang Liu, Natalie Johnson, Scott Rozelle
China Economic Agricultural Review, 2016

Abstract:

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to describe the trends in residential solid waste collection (RSWC) services in rural China over the past decade and analyze the determinants of these services using nationally representative data.

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Journal Article

Xiaochen Ma, Nathan Congdon, Hongmei Yi, Xiaopeng Pang, Yaojiang Shi, Scott Rozelle
American Journal of Ophthalmology, 2016

Abstract:

Purpose

To study safety of children's glasses in rural China, where fear that glasses harm vision is an important barrier for families and policy makers.

Design

Exploratory analysis from a cluster-randomized, investigator-masked, controlled trial.

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Journal Article

Yaojiang Shi, Alexis Medina
China Agricultural Economic Review, 2016

Abstract:

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to measure the turnover (or stability in employment) of village clinicians in rural China over the past decade. The authors also want to provide quantitative evidence on the individual characteristics of the clinicians who provide health care to villagers in rural China and whether we should expect these individuals to be interested in continuing to supply quality health care in China’s villages in the coming years.

 

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Journal Article

Renfu Luo, Linxiu Zhang, Scott Rozelle
China Agricultural Economic Review, 2016
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