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Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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Safety of Spectacles for Children's Vision: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

October 2016

Abstract:PurposeTo study safety of children's glasses in rural China, where fear that glasses harm vision is an important barrier for families and policy makers.DesignExploratory analysis from a...

Who are China's Rural Clinicians?

October 2016

Abstract:PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to measure the turnover (or stability in employment) of village clinicians in rural China over the past decade.

The New Rural Social Pension Program in Rural China: Participation and its Correlates

October 2016

Abstract:Purpose The need for a universal rural pension system has been heightened by demographic changes in rural China, including the rapid aging of the nation’s rural population and a dramatic...

Adult child migration and elderly parental health in rural China

October 2016

Abstract:PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effect of adult children migration on the health status of elderlyparents.

Impact of Free Glasses and a Teacher Incentive on Children's Use of Eyeglasses: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

October 2016

Abstract:PurposeTo study the effect of free glasses combined with teacher incentives on in-school glasses wear among Chinese urban migrant children.DesignCluster-randomized controlled trial...

Trends and determinants of rural residential solid waste collection services in China

October 2016

Abstract:PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to describe the trends in residential solid waste collection (RSWC) services in rural China over the past decade and analyze the determinants of these...

Maternal Health Services in China’s Western Rural Areas: Uptake and Correlates

May 2016

Abstract: PurposeMany public health systems have struggled with the dual questions of: why the uptake rate of maternal health (MH) services is low among some subpopulations; and how to raise it....

To Board or Not to Board: Evidence from Nutrition, Health and Education Outcomes of Students in Rural China

May 2016

Abstract: The debate over whether boarding school is benefi cial for students still exists in both developing and developed countries.

Population Prevalence of Vision Impairment and Spectacle Wear Among Urban Migrant Children in China

April 2016

AbstractPurpose: Urban migrants now number some 300 million in China and often have poor access to healthcare.

Impact of a Teacher Incentive on Children’s Use of Eyeglasses: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

April 2016

AbstractPurpose: The impact of school-time wear of glasses on children’s education has been shown to be limited by lack of regular compliance in half or more of children, even when free glasses are...

Nutritional Deficiencies, the Absence of Information and Caregiver Failures: A Qualitative Analysis of Infant Feeding Practices in Rural China

April 2016

AbstractBackground and ObjectivesDevelopment during the first two years of life is critical and has a lasting impact on a child’s health.

Are Children-with-Siblings Really More Vulnerable than Only-Children in Health, Cognition, and Non-Cognitive Outcomes? Evidence from a Multi-Province Dataset in China

March 2016

Abstract: The general goal of this study is to analyze whether children-with-siblings lag behind their only-children counterparts in terms of health, cognition, and non-cognitive outcomes.

Population Prevalence of Need for Spectacles and Spectacle Ownership Among Urban Migrant Children in Eastern China

December 2015

Abstract:Importance  The number of urban migrants in China is 300 million and is increasing rapidly in response to government policies.

China's Left Behind Children: Impact of Parental Migration on Health, Nutrition and Educational Outcomes

November 2015

AbstractChina’s rapid development and urbanization have induced large numbers of rural residents to migrate from their homes to urban areas in search of better job opportunities.

Gut Instincts: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices regarding Soil-Transmitted Helminths in Rural China

March 2015

Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) are parasitic intestinal worms that infect more than two out of every five schoolchildren in rural China, an alarmingly high prevalence given the low cost and wide...

278-Mental Health and Dropout Behavior: A Cross-Sectional Study of Junior High Students in Northwest Rural China

March 2015

Junior high dropout rates are up to 25% in poor, rural areas of China.

The Prevalence of Anemia in Central and Eastern China: Evidence From the China Health and Nutrition Survey

February 2015

Abstract. Although China has experienced rapid economic growth over the past few decades, significant health and nutritional problems remain.

Factors Underlying Different Myopia Prevalence between Middle- and Low-income Provinces in China

February 2015

Poor Vision Among China’s Rural Primary School Students: Prevalence, Correlates and Consequences

January 2015

Abstract: Using a survey of 19,977 children in two provinces, this paper explores the prevalence, correlates and potential consequences of poor vision among children in China's vast but...

Text Messaging and Its Impacts on the Health and Education of the Poor: Evidence from Field Experiments in Rural China

October 2014

There is little evidence showing whether health information transmitted via text messages can change health and educational outcomes.

Meeting the Health-care Needs of the Rural Elderly: The Unique Role of Village Doctors

December 2013

Multiple Micronutrient Supplementation Reduces Anemia and Anxiety in Rural China's Elementary School Children

December 2013

Despite growing wealth and a strengthening commitment from the government to provide quality education, a significant share of students across rural China still have inadequate access to...


Grant Miller Senior Fellow Associate Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
Scott Rozelle Senior Fellow
Huan Zhou Affiliate
D. Scott Smith Affiliated Faculty
Linxiu Zhang Director, REAP-China
Hongmei Yi Program Manager, REAP-China
Alexis Medina REAP Project Manager for Health & Nutrition
Kaleigh Kenny Kaleigh Kenny Project Manager for REAP Project Manager for REAP