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Caregiver Attitudes, Parenting Behavior and Developmental Delays in Children Aged 18-30 Months: A Mixed Methods Analysis in Rural China
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Abstract

The absence of good parenting practices may affect children’s cognitive and motor development.  In this paper, we use a mixed-methods approach to explore the prevalence of childhood developmental delays as well as parental attitudes towards and understanding of parenting methods. The results demonstrate that 42.0% of children in the sample have delayed cognitive development and 10.2% have delayed motor development. Despite most caregivers reported that they enjoyed spending time with their child (88.6%) and believe it to be their responsibility to help their child learn about the world around them (94.9%), only 12.6% of caregivers read to their children, and the majority of caregivers did not sing to their children (62.5%) or use toys to play with their children (60.8%). Moreover, we find a significant positive correlation between singing, reading, and playing behaviors and children’s cognitive and motor development. Three main constraints influencing parenting behaviors are: (1) caregivers do not know that they should be engaging in these parenting behaviors at this stage in the child’s development; (2) caregivers do not know how to interact with their child in ways that are constructive towards their development; and (3) caregivers do not have time to engage in constructive parenting behaviors.

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Caregiver Attitudes, Parenting Behavior and Developmental Delays in Children Aged 18-30 Months: A Mixed-Methods Analysis Download pdf

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