As seen in Stanford Social Innovation Review's 2016 Fall issue.
The sprawling National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) in China is one of the world’s largest bureaucraies. Its reach spreads from the bustling supercities on China’s eastern seaboard to the remote villages that dot the country’s vast rural interior. For decades, NHFPC oﬃcials had responsibility for enforcing China’s One Child Policy. In their relentless drive to keep fertility low, these oﬃcials sometimes ﬁned noncompliant families into a state of poverty or even subjected women to forced abortion or sterilization procedures.
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